Dog Breed Profiles

Pomeranian

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Dog Breed Group
Toy Dogs 
Origin of Breed
Iceland as a companion and watchdog. 
Life Expectancy
Up to 15 years 
Color
Solid Red, black, white, brown, blue, orange, or cream. More rare is particular, sable, or black with tan markings. Eyes are dar 
Coat
Rough coat stands erect; big ruff around neck, longer hair on the chest,legs, and tail. Tail is curled over back; ears prick up. 
Exercise Needs
Moderate to high energy level when indoors. He has plenty of energy and can walk many of his owners off their feet. 
Temperament
Intelligent and highly alert. The Pomeranian is an extrovert, exhibiting great intelligence and a vivacious spirit, making him a 
Good with Children
The Pomeranian makes an affectionate and faithful dog who is good with children, although they'll snap if teased or startled. He 
Grooming Needs
Moderate shedder. Requires weekly brushes. 
Average Size - Male (in)
Maximum 11 
Average Size - Female (in)
Maximum 11 
Average Weight - Male (lbs)
3 - 7 
Average Weight - Female (lbs)
3 - 7 
Health Issues
Patella luxation, cesarean sections are possible if the female is small, will lose teeth if not well cared forv
Living Conditions
Ideal apartment dog. Apartment or house, city or country, he thrives in a busy family atmosphere and loves to be pampered. Makes 

Breed Description

The Pomeranian is a breed of toy dog that can be traced back, like the related Keeshond, Samoyed, and Norwegian elkhound, to early sled-dog ancestors in the Arctic Circle. The breed is named for the duchy of Pomerania, northern Germany, where, in the early 19th century, it is said to have been bred down in size from a 30-pound (13.5 kilogram) sheep dog. They were bred down from imports in Britain over 100 years ago. The breed was made popular in Britain by Queen Victoria who held many of the larger variety in her kennels. Characteristically spirited but docile, the Pomeranian is a compactly built dog with a foxlike head and small, erect ears. He has a soft, dense undercoat with a profuse harsh-textured outer coat. His heavily plumed tail is set high and lies flat on his back. He is alert in character, exhibits intelligence in expression, is buoyant in deportment, and is inquisitive by nature. Its long coat, especially full on the neck and chest, may be any of a variety of colours, including white, black, brown, and reddish brown. The Pomeranian is cocky, commanding, and animated as he gaits. He is sound in composition and action.

Breed Infobits

The diminutive Pomeranian is the smallest of the Spitz-type breeds.
The Pomeranian was originally a much larger breed and was used as a herder.

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