Dog Breed Profiles

American Eskimo

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Dog Breed Group
Non Sporting Dogs 
Origin of Breed
United States 
Life Expectancy
12 - 15 years 
Color
white, white with biscuit cream, or cream 
Coat
The American Eskimo has a soft, thick, white double coat. The body is covered with a soft, thick, short undercoat. Longer guard  
Exercise Needs
Highly social; needs regular exercise and attention 
Temperament
The American Eskimo Dog is intelligent, alert, and friendly, although slightly conservative. It is never overly shy nor aggressi 
Good with Children
This breed is loyal and friendly, but can be conservative with strangers.They like well-behaved children, and is considered a go 
Grooming Needs
The Eskimo coat needs brushing a couple of times each week to prevent mats and tangles, particularly around the ears and the tai 
Average Size - Male (in)
15 - 19 
Average Size - Female (in)
14 - 18 
Average Weight - Male (lbs)
18 - 35 
Average Weight - Female (lbs)
18 - 35 
Health Issues
The Eskimo is a long-lived breed with few identified problems, but since breeders do little genetic testing, the incidence of inv
Living Conditions
They enjoy cold weather better than warm. 

Breed Description

There are three types of American Eskimo, Standard, Miniature, and Toy. This is the only spitz breed created and fostered in America. The American Eskimo is a member of the ancient and wide ranging Spitz family of dogs. One 18th century German historian claimed that the Spitz was the ancestor of all domestic breeds. White Spitzes were popular in Pomerania and in the coastal regions of Germany. Sailors traded the white dogs throughout Europe. When Queen Charlotte of England acquired several white Spitzes, the dogs became fashionable among British aristocrats. White Spitzes appear in several Gainsborough paintings. German immigrants probably brought the white Spitz dogs to the United States, where they served as watchdogs, family pets, and circus dogs. Known as the German Spitz in its homeland, the breed was renamed the American Eskimo in 1917. This was probably a reaction to the unpopularity during World War I of anything associated with Germany.

Breed Infobits

The American Eskimo is a descendant from the German Spitz. .
With its alert, smooth carriage, the American Eskimo presents a picture of natural beauty, alertness, strength, and agility.
The Standard version of the American Eskimo differs from the Miniature and Toy versions only in regards to size and weight.

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